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  issue > dealers/brokers


There are businesses that support breeding facilities in the sale of dogs and cats. These businesses are known as pet wholesalers, or also referred to as animal brokers.

Some breeding facilities, for instance, only breed; some facilities breed and broker animals (i.e., they act as  the "middleman," selling to pet stores or buying from auctions); and some companies don't breed at all and only deal or broker the sale.

These differences matter as it determines what type of USDA license is required. Brokers of dogs and/or cats require a Class B license. (Class B licensees can breed, broker, or both.)

Below is a USDA glossary of further AWA terms and license definitions:

USDA-APHIS: Glossary of AWA Terms

Animal brokers are a key component to the sale of puppies, kittens, dogs and cats.


The nation's largest distributor

Hunte Corporation was one of the country's largest distributors of factory-produced puppies. Andrew Hunte, the founder and owner, died in February 2015. It's been reported that the corporation has been sold; their business status is unclar.

(NOTE: Some Minnesota brokers, such as Menning Enterprises in southern Minnesota, have now assumed the contracts and sales or puppies to pet stores that were once handled by Hunte.)

Many Minnesota commercial breeding facilities (USDA licensed) sell to the Hunte Corporation, who then sells and ships the puppies to pet stores throughout the United States. Due to the MN Board of Animal Health no longer providing access to Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (certificates documnent the shipments of animals across state lines; for years, this data was provided to the public), it is difficult to assess the current volume of sales between Hunte and MN breeders and brokers.)

For more information about the Hunte Corporation, click on the links below:

• The Hunte Corporation - official website


• The Hunte Corporation - A Commercial Puppy Broker


Dealers in Minnesota licensed by the USDA-APHIS

The federal government licenses certain dog and cat breeders and brokers. Below is a list of brokers in Minnesota licensed by the USDA-APHIS under a Class B license — who breed and/or broker dogs or cats. (Class A is not listed below.)

NOTE: On February 3, 2017, the USDA pulled animal welfare documents from the APHIS website making it difficult to obtain data on breeder size, cancellations, violations, and other matters. On August 23, 2017, some of this data was reposted but much of the information, such as names, addresses, and license numbers, has been redacted. Data below is up to January 28, 2017.

NOTE: "Cancelled" (below) means the owner cancelled his or her USDA license — but this person may still be in business. A USDA license is not required if the animals are sold directly to consumers and the consumer can "see" the animal prior to purchase.

See AWA Licensing - Retail Pet Store for further details and explanations.



Due to the USDA eliminating information from its website, the data below cannot be updated at this time. Data below is from January 28, 2017. The USDA has also removed inventory counts from its website.

USDA License #

(Class B)


Doing Business As

City/County Notes
License started: June 11, 1996
Angie and Gerry Wensmann / Highdarling Cattery Melrose / Stearns 7 adult dogs and 8 puppies as of November 2016; licensee had 60 adult dogs and 40 puppies in 2014 (per USDA inspection)
License started: January 2, 1960
Menning Enterprises Inc. Edgerton /Pipestone One of the largest dog breeders/brokers in Minnesota with over 900 dogs and puppies (543 adult dogs and 354 puppies) as of November 2016 (per USDA inspection); sells to pet stores in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa and South Dakota
License started: May 15, 2007 (Had a Class A license prior to 2007)
Mike Jouwstra /
Jouwstra Kennels
Edgerton / Pipestone 96 adult dogs and 56 puppies as of February 2016 (per USDA inspection)
License started: March 16, 2010
Patrick Fulton Alden / Freeborn Acts mainly as a broker of puppies; one of largest dog brokers in Minnesota
License started: August 30, 2005
R&D Systems Inc Minneapolis / Hennepin Biological products company
License started: January 2, 1960
Sherrye Swenson Backus / Cass 31 adult dogs and 77 puppies as of December 2016 (per USDA inspection)
License started: January 2, 1960
The Bio Corporation Alexandria / Douglas Supplies dissection “specimens”




The names below have cancelled their USDA Class B license or the license has been revoked; however, the person can (and some do) still breed dogs or cats and sell retail.

List below does not include all cancellations.

USDA License #

(Class B)


Doing Business As



MN 41-B-0190


License started:

May 30, 1997

Kretzman, Wanda/

Clearwater Kennels


Morrison County

Breeds, brokers and sells dogs; was the largest breeder/broker in Minnesota with over 1,000 dogs/puppies. Kretzman is the ex-wife of Gary McDuffee, and they had co-owned a kennel together. Breeder cancelled her license during a USDA investigation of the facility and her daughter-in-law (A.J.'s Angels) was granted a license by the USDA and state to operate the kennel.

MN 41-B-0263


on 8-11-14

License started:

July 19, 2010

(formerly operated as Bark Ave under different license, which started in January 1960)

Riewer, Cindy/

C & T Kennels 


Otter Tail County

Was one of the largest brokers in northern Minnesota; sold primarily to MN pet stores, such as Four Paws & A Tail in Blaine, MN

MN 41-B-0268


on 9-23-14

License started:

May 17, 2012 (formerly had a breeder Class A license 41-A-0025; cancelled that and switched to a Class B broker license)

Rowell, Deb

Country Pride Kennels

(also owns a horse boarding/riding stable)

Pine River/

Cass County

Animal cruelty complaints filed against this breeder per Minnesota law. In July 2013, 133 dogs and puppies seized from her kennel by the Cass County Sheriff Office. Nine charges were filed by the Cass County Attorney. Deborah Rowell pleaded guilty to one count. Animals not returned to the kennel; adopted to new homes. No conditions placed in plea agreement prohibiting access to animals or further breeding. Following the conviction, this facility was granted a license by the state and continues to breed and sell dogs. For further details: ROWELL

MN 41-B-0017


on 1-15-14

License started:

Jan. 02, 1960

Schroeder, Ken

Wells/ Faribault County

Bred, brokered and sold dogs — majority of his puppies/dogs sold to medical and research facilities in Minnesota, Wisconsin and other states. Animal Folks submitted complaint to the MN Board of Animal Health. USDA took action and revoked his license.

MN 41-B-0270


License started again as of April 11, 2013

Cancelled MN 41-B-0257

License started:

July 24, 2008; cancelled license on August 1, 2012

Har Mar Pet Stop Inc. St. Paul

Pet store. Had a USDA license because store sold exotic pet animals. Types of animals per USDA inspection: hedgehogs, kittens, puppies, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and eastern cottontail rabbits.

Based on cruel conditions and injuries to animals cited in the USDA report, Animal Folks filed a cruelty complaint against this pet store and worked with residents and city council members to pass a humane pet store ordinance in the city of Roseville.

MN 41-B-0259



Sept. 30, 2009

Barlow, Anson/

Silver Top Breeders LLC


MN 41-B-0159


License started:

Jan. 02, 1960;

License was terminated; then cancelled August 16, 2010; then permanently revoked September 2011

Bauck, Kathy/

Puppy On Wheels/

Pick Of The Litter

New York Mills Convicted of animal torture. USDA license terminated, but breeder continued breeding and selling dogs without USDA license (USDA license only needed to sell wholesale). USDA license permanently revoked — breeder allowed to keep 6 dogs. For further details: BAUCK

MN 41-B-0265


as of 12/13/13

License started: Jan. 03, 2011 (see notes); cancelled USDA license on January 17, 2013

Bell, Dayna/

Bell's Kennels


Bred, brokered and sold dogs. In April 2012, Dayna Bell was charged with multiple counts of felony animal cruelty by the Dakota County Attorney (MN). Trial held week of November 4, 2013. On November 8, the jury found Dayna Bell guilty of 13 counts of felony animal cruelty. Appealed. Court of Appeals affirmed conviction. Appealed to the Supreme Court denied to hear the case. For further details:


MN 41-B-0256


License started:

May 21, 2008;

cancelled Jun 01, 2009

Bjornson, Linda/

LKB Kennels


MN 41-B-0205


Cancelled November 2007

Bonsetter, Julie/

Bonsetter Kennels


MN 41-B-0218


License started:

Dec. 17, 2002;

cancelled Jan. 22, 2009

Buehl, Jean/

Furry Friends


MN 41-B-0073


Cancelled April 2008

Crume, Stanley/

Minnesota Pet Breeders / Crume Kennels Puppyland


Still breeds and sells dogs through retail. Website:

MN 41-B-0255


License started:

Jan. 03, 2008;

cancelled Feb. 17, 2009

Culver, Kimberly/

K & G Pets

Coon Rapids  

MN 41-B-0241


License started:

April 11, 2005;

cancelled April 16, 2009

Jurgenson, Ross/

Jurgenson Kennels


MN 41-B-0240


License started:

Jan. 26, 2005;

cancelled Feb. 01, 2011

McAllister, Linda/



MN 41-B-0246


License started:

Sept. 17, 2009;

cancelled Jan. 26, 2010

Murdoff, Larry Kent  

MN 41-B-0005


License started:

Jan. 02, 1060; cancelled July 19, 2010; obtained new license under C&T Kennel

Riewer, Cindy/

Bark Ave.

Perham Changed name to C & T Kennels. See above. Cancelled USDA license.

MN 41-B-0258


License started:

Aug. 07, 2008;

cancelled August 16, 2011

Special T Pets North Branch  

MN 41-B-0133


License started:

Jan. 02, 1960; cancelled May 3, 2011

Susalski, Mary Ann/ Fletcher Creek Kennel Little Falls Was one of the largest dealers/breeders in Minnesota with 1,000+ dogs/puppies; cancelled her USDA license and gave animals to rescue groups. Website was

MN 41-B-0049

Cancelled (but see notes);

License started:

Jan. 02, 1960;

cancelled Jan 15, 2010; but kennel sold to Patrick Fulton

Toenges, Lynn/

Toenges Enterprises

Alden Was one of the largest dog brokers in Minnesota. This company was purchased by Patrick Fulton so continues to operate but under a new license and new ownership.

MN 41-B-0084


License started:

Jan. 02, 1960;

cancelled Sept. 08, 2010

Biessman, Melvin and Beverly/

Bow Wow Village


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